Prosecution: Act of pursing a lawsuit or criminal trial.
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The act of prosecuting ( charges leading to trial) the defendant(offender) in the criminal case in the court, by the government attorney to establish justice. Prosecution generally represents the government/state in the case.
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Malicious prosecution claims have succeeded when unfounded and malicious complaints have been made to professional associations, such as in the 2006 decision of PEI's Supreme Court, Griffin v the City of Summerside, and in which the above extract from Remedies in Tort was relied upon.
Malicious prosecution: An action instituted with intention of injuring the defendant and without probable cause, and which terminates in favor of the person prosecuted.
PROSECUTION: In a criminal action, a proceeding instituted for the purpose of determining guilt or innocence of a person charged with a crime.
n. 1) in criminal law, the government attorney charging and trying the case against a person accused of a crime. 2) a common term for the government's side in a criminal case, as in "the ~ will present five witnesses" or "the ~ rests" (has completed its case).
The party (q.v.) presenting evidence against the person accused of committing a crime.
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A ~ for murder in which the jury is also asked to decide if the defendant is guilty and, if he is, whether he should be put to death.
The ~ must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty of each element of the crime charged to satisfy the due process requirement of a fair trial.
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Deferred prosecution: An arrangement made between the District Attorney and defendant before trial halting the prosecution of a defendant for up to two years on the condition that he or she successfully meets conditions of probation, usually some type of counseling or drug or alcohol treatment.
MALICIOUS PROSECUTION, or MALICIOUS ARREST, torts, or remedies. These terms import a wanton prosecution or arrest, made by a prosecutor in a criminal proceeding, or a plaintiff in a civil suit, without probable cause, by a regular process and proceeding, which the facts did not warrant, ...
malicious prosecution - A meritless (civil or criminal) action instituted solely to harass the defendant. Such misuse of the judicial process may be the basis for an action against the original plaintiff/prosecutor.
Malicious Prosecution - An action for recovery of damages that resulted to a person, property, or reputation from previous civil or criminal proceedings that were prosecuted or pursued with malice and without probable cause.
Malicious Prosecution - In New Mexico, the tort of 'Malicious Prosecution' no longer exists. It has been combined with 'Abuse of Process' to form a new tort, 'Malicious Abuse of Process.'
See Malicious Abuse of Process.
prosecute, prosecution To pursue an action in court; usually used in reference to criminal cases, which are sometimes called prosecutions.
prosecuting attorney The public officer in each county who is responsible for conducting criminal prosecutions on behalf of the state.
Private Prosecution(see Prosecution)Pro Bono ServicesLatin term for "for the public good". Legal services provided by a lawyer, free of charge, to individuals or to groups.
by the organisation regulating themConveyancingThe processes involved in buying, selling or remortgaging a property to transfer its legal title from one person to anotherCounselA term used to describe a barristerCreditorA person or organisation to whom money is owedCrown Prosecution ...
Capital Case A prosecution for murder in which the prosecutor asks the jury to decide if the defendant is guilty and, if he is, whether he should be put to death.
Term: Malicious Prosecution
Definition: A lawsuit filed without probable cause or justification in law, intended to harass a defendant.
: something (as a statutory or regulatory provision) that provides protection (as from a penalty or liability) [had no safe harbor from prosecution]
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There, they could be exempted from the normal prosecution which, in those days, was quite severe (see, for example, The Law's Hall of Horrors). But the ordeal, even within sanctuary, was no piece of cake.
The constitutional right of people to refuse to give testimony against themselves that could subject them to criminal prosecution. The right is guaranteed in the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution . Asserting the right is often referred to as "taking the Fifth."
The ~ (i.e. State or United States) in a criminal case.
plea bargaining - The process whereby the accused and the prosecutor in a criminal case work out a mutually satisfactory disposition of the case subject to court approval.
Self-incrimination, privilege against: - The constitutional right of people to refuse to give testimony against themselves that could subject them to criminal prosecution. The right is guaranteed in the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
parties The persons who are actively involved in the prosecution or defense of a legal proceeding, including the plaintiff or prosecution, the defendant and any "third party defendant. ".
Grand juries hear evidence from just one side (the prosecution) before they decide whether someone should be indicted (formally charged) with a crime. IIndictmentThe process of being formally charged with a crime, typically a serious criminal offense. Indictments are determined by grand juries.
Director of Public Prosecutions: Independent official who decides whether to prosecute in criminal cases and in whose name all criminal prosecutions are taken.
Discovery: Sworn disclosure of documents and records.
In other words, the prosecution must prove not only that the accused committed the offence but that he (or she) did it knowing that it was prohibited; that their act (or omission) was done with an intent to commit a crime. Minor A person who is legally underage.
When the United States is a party encompasses both civil cases in which the United States is either a plaintiff or defendant and criminal prosecutions by the federal government.
A defense designed to dismiss, suspend, or obstruct the prosecution of a claim, without touching upon the defendant's "meritorious defense".Equitable defense. A defense, in a common-law action, which rests upon equitable or legal and equitable grounds.Full defense.
results may not be used in criminal prosecution.' Von Raab, 489 U.S. at 666 (emphases added). Even so, a search in the special needs context almost always requires individualized suspicion. See, e.g., Portillo v. U.S. Dist. Court, 15 F.
ALFORD PLEA - The so-called Alford plea is a form of "guilty" plea in which the defendant does not admit the act, but admits that sufficient evidence exists with which the ~ could likely convince a judge or jury to find the defendant guilty.
paragraphe - A counter-indictment, in which the defendant charges the plaintiff with bringing an illegal ~.
a dead or abandoned status for a trademark application means that specific application is no longer under ~ within the USPTO, and would not be used as a bar against your filing.
Also, "it appears the Porn Squad has been told that the best possibility of ~ includes golden showers, scat ... and BDSM along with other fringe fetishes... [the US] government is not targeting kiddie porn only" .
"Criminal justice system" includes all activities and agencies, whether state or local, public or private, pertaining to the prevention, ~ and defense of offenses, ...
an issue arising in a lawsuit or criminal ~ which only relates to determination of what the law is, how it is applied to the facts in the case, and other purely legal points in contention.
IMMUNITY - Exemption from a legal duty, penalty or ~.
IMPAIRMENT - When a person's faculties are diminished so that his or her ability to see, hear, walk, talk and judge distances is below the normal level as set by the state.
Nolle: Short for nollo prosequi, which means "no ~". A disposition of a criminal or motor vehicle case where the prosecutor agrees to drop the case against the defendant but keeps the right to reopen the case and prosecute at any time during the next thirteen months.
An informer; a person who has supplied the facts required for a criminal ~ or a civil suit. In criminal ~s in some states, this would be indicated by the use of the expression ex. rel. as in The State of California ex. rel. Robert Smith v. George Doe.
Capital case: In a capital case, the ~ asks the jury to sentence a defendant on trial for murder to death.
Pre-trial Diversion: Conditional deferment of ~ for specified type of offenses. Use of diversion is frequently dependent on the availability of a community based and monitored rehabilitative program (i.e., drug treatment, half way house).
diversion - A procedure used in some criminal ~s against persons who are arrested and have no previous criminal background. Diversion creates a written contract between the prosecutor and accused in that if the accused completes the requirements in the contract.
" Used primarily in criminal proceedings whereby the defendant declines to refute the evidence of the ~. In some jurisdictions, this response by the defendant has same effect as a plea of guilty.
Elements of a Crime: Specific factors that define a crime which the ~ must prove beyond a reasonable doubt in order to obtain a conviction.
One who runs away to avoid arrest, ~ or imprisonment. Many extradition laws also call the suspect a "fugitive" although, in that context, it does not necessarily mean that the suspect was trying to hide in the country from which extradition is being sought
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Desert simpliciter To bring ~ for a crime or offence on indictment or summary complaint to an end without the facts being determined.
Detention A sentence of imprisonment in a young offender's institution on a person under 21 years of age.
Expenses incurred in the ~ of a lawsuit, including filing fees, deposition expenses and witness fees.
A claim filed by the defendant against a plaintiff as part of defendant's response to a lawsuit.
REBUTTAL: The evidence offered by the ~ in response to the defendant's direct evidence.
RELEASE ON RECOGNIZANCE (ROR): The release of a defendant without bail, pending a trial or other action. See also, Parole.
REMAND: The holding in custody of a defendant without bail.
bar: 1. Prohibit - to bar the ~ of an action. 2. The members of the legal profession.
bench: The Judge's seat or the judge, himself/herself, (e.g., the attorney addressed the bench) ...
Party - A person, business, or government agency actively involved in the ~ of defense of a legal proceeding.
Patent - A grant to an inventor of the right to exclude others for a limited time from make, using, or selling his invention in the United States.
Counsel - Advocates who act for the ~ and the defence.
Court familiarisation visit - A visit arranged in advance of a trial to help witnesses become more familiar with the courtroom.
Protection from criminal ~ given a witness for testifying about criminal activities that may incriminate him or her.
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Immunity - Grant by the court, which assures someone will not face ~ in return for providing criminal evidence.
For legal advise regarding Immunity, you can contact our legal staff via phone (800) 341-2684 or email email@example.com .
Judgment - The final decision by a court in a lawsuit, criminal ~, or appeal from a lower court's judgment.
Judicial Bypass/Waiver - A judicial authorization for an abortion, which allows minors to 'bypass' forced parental involvement laws.
Withdraw / Withdrawal search for term To withdraw a charge or charges means to end the ~ of a case. Only the Crown can make the decision to withdraw charges.
PROSECUTOR - A public officer whose duty is the ~ of criminal proceedings on behalf of the people.
PUBLIC DEFENDER - Lawyers employed by the state to represent defendants accused of crimes who cannot afford to hire their own lawyer.
do not always end in ~
~s do not always end in convictions
convictions do not always mean stiff sentences ...
" Many serious crimes require the proof of "mens rea" before a person can be convicted. In other words, the ~ must prove not only that the accused committed the offence but that he (or she) did it knowing that it was prohibited; ...
~s and civil cases taken (or defended) by the government are taken in the name of the Crown as head of state. That is why public prosecutors are referred to, in Canada, as "Crown" prosecutors and criminal cases take the form of "The Crown vs. John Doe" or "Regina vs.
Civil Causes of Action Malicious ~
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Who has to prove a fact; this is generally the ~ in a criminal case.
A particular legal proceeding.
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evidence. Sameness.2. It is frequently necessary to identify persons and things. In criminal ~s, and in actions for torts and on contracts, it is required to be... more ...
A process between the accused and the ~ to negotiate a mutually satisfactory outcome of the case.
The time within which a lawsuit must be filed or a criminal ~ begun. The deadline can vary, depending on the type of civil case or the crime charged.
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privilege: An advantage not enjoyed by all; a special exemption from ~ or other lawsuits. (See also immunity.)
probable cause: A reasonable basis for assuming that a charge or fact is well founded.
We look to the substantive law, for example, to tell us what constitutes a breach of contract, or medical malpractice, or trespass, or murder. Procedural rules, by contrast, tell us how to commence a lawsuit or a ~, or what kinds of motions can be made, ...
These offenses can then be treated as petty misdemeanors. Minn. R. Crim. Rule 23.04. This term should not be confused with certification (or Reference) of Juvenile in district court, which is used to refer juveniles to adult court for criminal ~. M.S. §260.125 ...
~s tend to be brought by the trading standards departments of local authorities.
A person commits trespass to land when they enter another's land without their permission. A trespasser may be sued in the civil courts.
See also: What is the meaning of Law, Court, Criminal, State, Lawyer?