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Scratches are a killer of your lens. There is no good way to repair them yourself. The best thing you can do is prevent scratches. The easiest thing you can do to protect your lens against scratches is to use a filter. A filter is a small piece of glass that fits in front of your lens.

- While you're healing the scratches, you'll find it easier to navigate if you use keyboard shortcuts. Zoom in and out by hitting Ctrl (Command on a Mac) and the plus sign or Ctrl (Command) and the minus sign.

Front element scratches (1952 LEICA Summarit). enlarge.
Scratches light up as bright lines.

Scratches and smudges are made obvious in this type of close-up product photography. Sometimes photographers want to intentionally highlight rugged texture or imperfections.
Trial and error ...

Fix scratches.
Magnify the photo on a specific scratched area. Keep a window open of the whole photo so you can observe the changes made.

Lens ~ have a lot in common with sensor dust
Have you ever gotten tiny black dots on your images? That's not dust on your lens. It's dust on your image sensor, and much like a scratch on your lens, your camera is looking past it when you take the photo.

02 NO ~
In most circumstances a few minor ~, fingerprints and abrasions on the front element of your lens won’t affect the final image.

Dust & ~
Reduces noise by changing dissimilar pixels. To achieve a balance between sharpening the image and hiding defects, try various combinations of radius and threshold settings. Or apply the filter on selected areas in the image.
Dub ...

Long ~ are a common problem with film scans, but this is one thing Lightroom and Camera Raw can't address effectively. You'll have to open the image in Photoshop, fix the ~ there with a tool such as the Healing Brush, save the image and return to Lightroom or Bridge.

Small ~ or "cleaning marks" have no real effect on image quality and mean much lower prices, but cloudy areas or other marks covering a fairly large area of the lens will reduce contrast and resolution (try to think of the mark as a percentage of the surface of the lens, ...

If it's ~ you're worried about, glass is actually one of the harder substances around and does not scratch easily. When not shooting, a lens cap works great for preventing ~.

Dust and ~ on the film can be a big problem for scanning. Because of their reduced size (compared to prints) the scanners are capable of resolutions much higher than a regular flatbed scanner; typically at least 2000 samples per inch (spi), up to 4000 spi or more.

Dome Port ~
If you scratch your acrylic dome port on the outside, no worry, it can be "meshed out", even if it has some nasty gashes.

Some have minor ~ or blemishes, but all are tested and reconditioned by Fujifilm. They come complete with full box contents and a 12 month warranty.
Littlewoods Clearance eBay store ...

It must be sharp and free from such defects as ~, abrasions, dust, lint, and fingerprints. ENLARGER AND EASEL ADJUSTMENTS Insert the negative in the negative carrier so the emulsion side is down when placed in the enlarger.

It is the diameter of the threaded element at the end of the lens that allows to screw in filters (for example the UV filter that blocks UV rays from entering the camera and protects the lens from ~) There is one more thing need mentioning before we discuss types of lenses.

Some ~ or small dents on the camera is normal. But bigger dents or marks on the camera is a sign of misuse.
Check the shutter. It is impossible to check the shutter for accuracy at high shutter speeds.

onto spiral allowing film surfaces to come in contact with each other inhibiting or preventing chemicals from acting on surfaces.

Surface damage.
1) Dust embedded in surface. Dirty water or ,more likely, dust settling on film while it is hanging up to dry.
2) Scuff marks or ~.

Over time and due to intense use the LCD can pick up ~ or streaks, although in most cases it is not the actual LCD screen that is affected but the plastic cover which protects it from external influences.

The most cost effective way to prevent ~ is an inexpensive lens filter. With filters starting as low as about $10 they are an effective way to protect the front of your lenses while in your bag or even while shooting.

Handle the polarizing film carefully as it ~ easily and any marks could spoil the final result - I spent hours cloning out all the ~ in Photoshop because I didn’t realise this in time! ...

I've sent a few rolls (b&w and color) through them and had excellent results every time; gentle handling, absolutely no ~ or roll marks or -anything-, properly developed B&W film, everything right, perfect dust control on slides.

The AMI targets the following main types of defects: defocus, resist coating errors, particles, and ~ on the wafer surface. One type of defocus defect is caused by scanner focus error, which results in a rectangular dark area because the focus shift occurs on one shot.

However, it can protect your lens from ~ and in extreme cases damage. A few years ago I dropped my camera and while able to throw out a foot to help cushion the fall I wrecked a once inch area of screw thread on my end of my lens.

With a Healing Brush tool you can remove dust, ~, sensor spots and much more. This tool is also heavily used in fashion and beauty photography to make skin look consistent without any pimples or scars.

Buy a UV filter and protect your lens from ~
Since a scratch on a camera lens will ruin every single picture you take, we highly recommend buying a clear UV filter for your camera lenses to protect them from ~.

In a belt and braces approach, the lens is first sealed into the body by a transparent shield, which itself is protected from knocks and ~ by the sliding front cover. In contrast the Pentax W60’s lens cover is always on show, which raises concerns over ~ or marks.

Do those specks, splotches and ~ stem from a dusty sensor or from dirt on your viewfinder, mirror or lens? To find out, head to a well-lit space and take several photos of, say, a blank white sheet of paper.

Protects Lens from ~, scuffs and smudges
CPL Circular Polarizer Filter: Uses Polaroids patented Polarizing techonolgy to give you total "on location" control of color saturation, make skies bluer, ...

Inspect the negatives for watermarks, ~ and dust. ~ to the emulsion side of the film are very difficult to fix.

Flaws or damage can include surface ~, chipped emulsion, spots on the print or mount, mildew or other environmental damage. Because the condition of a print can have a significant impact on its value, it is very important to take excellent care of photographs.

How to remove dust and ~ from scans
Flatbed scanning tip
If you have a stack of favorite old prints, you may want to scan them for your digital archive. Here are some common-sense tips that will help you scan with your flatbed scanner more efficiently.

o Check ports for ~. If your ports are perspex then it is possible to polish out the ~ using ""T" Cut (abrasive car polish) or Brasso, finishing off with toothpaste for a really smooth finish.

A soft and porous gemstone, coral ~ and abrades easily and chlorine, alcohol, ammonia, nail polish remover and other chemicals can damage it. Remove coral rings when washing and moisturizing your hands. Avoid exposing your coral to extreme temperatures.

This section is to help you learn how to restore old photos that have chips, ~, ink spills, or just things that you don't want in the picture. This picture got chipped somehow and part of the subject's face was scratched off.

Level 2: ( repair tears & ~ in non detailed area)
Level 3: (change background, merge photos, add or remove people or things, repair major tears & ~, remove stains)

ALWAYS use a UV filter as mentioned, we have looked at many of the high cost filter under scopes, dont waste your money, mid priced is the way to go. For one you can replace it as soon as it shows wear or ~.

Any solid pieces of dust, sand, and dirt can cause ~ when you buff out the glass. Use the blower to blast air to get the larger pieces out of the way, then gently bush the more resilient dirt away.

Repairing color casts and film ~ and optimizing the files for reproduction are the first steps, followed by keywording and captioning so that these master files can be seamlessly integrated into the established digital workflow.

This protects the screen when the camera is not in use, resulting in less ~ and smudges over the long term.
In addition to its flexibility, this is one of the clearest and sharpest LCD screens I've seen on a DSLR.

Regardless, take your time! Proper removal of physical imperfections such as stains or ~ can be quite involved, so do not (always) expect miracles with just a few minutes of work.
For similar topics, also see the following tutorials: ...

First of all a camera bag will protect your digital camera from lens and LCD ~ as well as from dust. Second a bag is a must have if you have a DSLR camera with lenses, filters, extra memory and a flash gun. What kind of camera bag you should buy is depending on your use.

I always ask about the physical condition of the item, (~, etc) even if it's described in the advert. That way you have some stuff in writing in case of a dispute. Flimsy evidence is hopefully marginally better than none at all.

Spotting - Retouching a processed print with a pencil or brush to eliminate spots left by dust or ~ on the negative.

Stain - Discolored areas on film or paper, usually caused by contaminated developing solutions or by insufficient fixing, washing, or agitation.

I've been using Illustrator to generate graphs/charts for decades and this column only ~ the surface of what can be done. It took me years of understanding how data can be used to enhance and compliment key messaging.

Many animals in the wild have nicks and ~ covering their ears and faces - injuries from the rough-and-tumble life that comes from competing for food, shelter, and mates. Not so in the zoo, where food and shelter and, often, mates are readily provided to prevent Darwinian battles.

There's a powerful tool in there called Scratch Remover, that allows you to target ~, marks, creases and other defects and remove them almost completely. You can now properly preserve your cherished photo memories for your future generations! ...

Place your water filled glass tank on a flat surface and stick a large piece of white card on the wall behind it. Ensure there are no ~, marks or fingerprints on the glass before you begin as this will help save time editing in post-production.
Step 2 ...

Chemical used at the fixing stage to toughen the film's emulsion and make it more resistant to ~.
Related Terms
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f. Filters - almost every lens has an option for filter threading. The filters allow us more creative results and protection of the lens from ~ and dust. It's recommended to read the "filters" guide for more information. Read Filters Article for more information ...

SPOTTING - Retouching of a photographic print using a brush with watercolors or dyes, or a pencil, to get rid of blemishes caused by dust or ~ on a negative.
SST - Super Spectra Coating - Canon's multi-layer coating applied to most of its FD lenses.

An enlarger with a sharp, undiffused light that produces high contrast and high definition in a print. ~ and blemishes in the negative are emphasised.

This software automatically identifies and removes surface defects, such as dust and ~, from a scanned image, sometimes improving upon the original image.

Tamron (just check that there's no fungal growth on the lens surfaces and you can't spot any ~ etc.). I suspect that this is often due to the owners disappointments in performance. Disappointments that are probably more as a result of expecting miracles than the optical quality?

The most common of these are UV filters, which people use to cut out UV haze and (primarily) to protect the lens from ~. The second most common are Circular Polarizers, which is what we will be focusing on in this article.

UV filters reduce the haze and the fogginess of outdoor light, however their most common use is as a protection for lenses because their effect is undetectable in most situations. By putting a UV filter on your lens, it takes the ~ and little bumps, so if you need to replace it, ...

One last warning before we get going: before using a glass cleaner to clean glass that is protecting your framed art, make sure it really is glass. If it is Plexiglas - much lighter and more flexible than glass - do not use glass cleaner as this ~ up the surface.

You can use the old film photographer's trick of applying a thin coating of anti-scratch fluid or petroleum jelly to the slide before copying it; this will "hide" most ~.

DIFFUSION ENLARGER - An enlarger in which the light is diffused, and therefore spread more evenly as it strikes and passes through the negative, resulting in less sharpness of detail. Negative flaws (~, etc.) are de-emphasized with a diffusion enlarger.

Resize all ten images to 4 megapixels in size. This is the minimum Shutterstock accepts. They also don't give you any extra earnings for larger images. However by resizing your images they will appear sharper with less grain and ~.

The Smart Filters are generally pretty good; offering a mixture of the familiar (a Vignetting and a Miniature mode), with the original (Halftone Dots). Most of them are quite attractive, though we're not impressed with the 'Old Film' options that put a very crude renditions of ~ and dust ...

These types of enlarger heads scatter the light more evenly across the surface of the negative. One advantage of the cold light head is that it can render more subtle tonal gradations and will minimize the effect of dust and ~ on the negative which are translated to the print.

You can do this with a blower (either a bulb blower or some form of compressed gas) or a soft brush. Hopefully this will remove all the particles of hard minerals from the surface without causing any ~.

It produces images with more contrast and sharper detail than a diffusion enlarger. An enlarger with a sharp, undiffused light that produces high contrast and high definition in a print. ~ and blemishes in the negative are emphasised.

Flash drives are relatively inexpensive (taking into account they're reusable), compact, convenient, easy to use, compatible with both PC and Mac, and don't require any software installations. In addition to these advantages, flash drives are very durable and aren't prone to ~ like CDs and ...

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Photograph, Photography, Light, Image, Camera?

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