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External cephalic version has a 58% sucess rate. The procedure works best when the mother has already had one pregnancy and gone through atleast one childbirth. The procedure is not as likely to work if the doctor can not grasp the head or the uterus is hard to the touch.

External Cephalic Version (ECV)
If your baby is still in a breech position by week 37 of your pregnancy, your doctor or midwife may try to turn it to the vertex (head-down) position using external cephalic version (ECV).

OBJECTIVE: To study the chromosomal content of spermatozoa that could be selected for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in cases of macrocephalic sperm head syndrome. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Obstetrics, gynecology, urology, and reproductive biology departments.

Cephalic index
The ratio of the bi-parietal diameter (BPD) to the occipito-frontal diameter (OFD) X 100. The normal range is 70 to 86. A cephalic index of less than 70 is considered dolichocephaly. An index of greater than 86 is considered to be brachycephalic ...

Cephalic presentation
Your baby is lying with his or her head above your vagina ie head down.
Cephalopelvic disproportion ...

~ presentation: Position of the fetus where the head is directed toward the birth canal
Cephalopelvic disproportion: When the body part of the baby that comes out fi rst from the uterus is too large for the mother’s pelvis and birth canal.

~ (Ceph) or vertex
The usual position of a baby in later pregnancy - head down.
Dilation ...

~ (or ceph): head-down
br: bottom down or breech
LOA: the back of your baby's head is on your left-hand side and towards the front of your tummy
ROA: the back of your baby's head is on your right-hand side and towards the front of your tummy ...

~ presentation: When the baby's head faces down toward the mother's cervix as labor nears. This is the typical presentation for a full-term baby.

External ~ version, or version, is a procedure used to turn a fetus from a breech position or side-lying (transverse) position into a head-down (vertex) position before labor begins. When successful, version makes it possible for you to try a vaginal birth.

External ~ version for breech presentation
Oblique and transverse lie ...

External ~ Version (ECV) of a Breech Baby
How to Turn a Breech Baby
Pregnancy & Childbirth Essentials
Week by Week Pregnancy Calendar ...

External ~ version is somewhat like a firm massage of the abdomen and can be uncomfortable. It is usually a safe procedure, but some rare complications include placental abruption and fetal distress, necessitating emergency cesarean section.

External ~ Version:
When a woman reaches around 36 weeks gestation and finds their baby is breech, the most common technique performed is called an external ~ version.

External ~ version (ECV) - Procedure done late in pregnancy in which doctor manually attempts to move a baby from the breech position into the normal head-down position.
Face presentation - Situation in which baby comes into the birth canal face-first.

External ~ version
Turning the baby so that the head is pointed down toward the pelvic inlet. In most pregnancies, babies orient themselves with the head down toward the pelvis in preparation for labor and delivery by about the 34th week.

External ~ Version
It is possible to manoeuvre the baby from breech to a head-first position. This is done after 37 weeks and the success rate is around 50%, though some doctors are successful as often as 70% of the time.

* C or Ceph (~) or Vx (vertex) - head down
* Br (breech) - feet or bottom first ...

METHODS: Labor was induced in 666 pregnant women with a live fetus in the ~ position, who had no medical complications and no history of uterine surgery.

A transverse lie may correct itself, changing to ~ or breech in late pregnancy, either with time, or when the mother goes into labour. If the baby stays transverse, it cannot be born vaginally and a caesarean is required for safety.

If your baby is in the breech position (head up, buttocks down) as your due date approaches, your caregiver may recommend a procedure known as external ~ version (ECV), a manoeuvre used to move a baby into a head-down position.

A single live foetus is seen in ~ presentation in the ultrasound report. Foetal Maturity - L 32 weeks 3 days +/- 1 week, Approx Weight: 1770 gm +/- 258 gm, cardiac activity and foetal movements are normal. Foetal heart rate is 132 bmp, liquor amnii is adequate. AVI is 11.

One way to try to turn the baby after 36 weeks is an external ~ version, which involves a doctor manually rotating the baby by placing his hands on the mother's belly.

All had singleton, term pregnancies (37-42 weeks) with fetuses in ~ presentation and electronic fetal heart tracings not displaying variable or late decelerations. The fetal heart rate baseline was between 120 and 160 beats/min.

If this is not the case an ‘external ~ version’ (ECV) may be suggested, which is a way of manipulating your belly to encourage the baby to move into the birth position. This is a medical procedure performed by an obstetrician at 37 weeks.

In some cases, a breech vaginal birth may be possible, especially in a pregnancy with multiple gestations (such as twins or triplets), although the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends that breech babies be turned by external ~ version or delivered by planned ...

Both babies may be head down (~)
The leading twin may be head down and the following twin may be breech
The leading twin may be breech and the following twin may be head down
Both babies may be breech
Both babies may be transverse (lying sideways across your belly) ...

Anen~ babies often die prior to birth, but can live a few hours after being born. Recent studies show that the presence of folic acid in the mother's blood at the time of conception greatly reduces the number of neural tube disorders. It does not, however, prevent them entirely.

This, the amniotic fold, first makes its appearance at the ~ extremity, and subsequently at the caudal end and sides of the embryo, and gradually rising more and more, its different parts meet and fuse over the dorsal aspect of the embryo, and enclose a cavity, the amniotic cavity.

At around 37 weeks of pregnancy, your doctor or midwife may suggest doing an external ~ version, in which a medical practitioner applies pressure to your abdomen to gently turn the baby. According to ParentingWeekly.com, this procedure has a success rate of 60 to 70 percent.

The part of the fetus that enters the birth canal first. Some presentations include variations of ~ (head), breech (bottom, legs or feet) or shoulder.
Premature or pre-term labor is defined as labor occurring after 20 weeks and before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy.

If you baby is in the breech position after the 32nd week of pregnancy, your midwife or obstetrician may try to turn the baby. This is called External ~ Version (ECV) and is simply the act of putting gentle pressure on the baby to get it to turn to the head down position.

A baby usually lies in the ~ position, that is head down and legs curled up towards your ribs. This is an ideal position, as a baby's head is larger than the rest of its body, so if the head fits through your pelvis then the rest of the body will have no trouble.

By now, the baby must have attained the head down position inside the womb. If not, the doctor may schedule an external ~ version, to avoid complications during delivery.
Changes in the mother: ...

Anti-D is also necessary if your pregnancy is terminated surgically or medically, if you have an ectopic pregnancy or have certain procedures during your pregnancy such as an amniocentesis or external ~ version (ECV), an attempt to turn a breech baby to a head-down position.
References ...

(Full-term is 37 to 42 weeks; babies born before 37 weeks are pre-term and those born after 42 are post-term.) Most likely she's in a head-down position. But if she isn't, your practitioner may suggest scheduling an "external ~ version, ...

You should also get a shot after certain pregnancy exams like an amniocentesis, a chorionic villus sampling or an external ~ version (when your provider tries to turn a breech-position baby head down before labor).

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Pregnancy, Delivery, Vagina, Pregnant, Ultrasound?

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