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Cephalopelvic Disproportion

Pregnancy & Parenting  Cephalic  Cerclage

Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD): the baby's head is too large to fit through the pelvic outlet, or the mother's outlet is not opening enough to admit the baby's head.

Cephalopelvic Disproportion
This is when the baby's head is too large to pass through the mother's pelvic opening.

Cephalopelvic disproportion: When the body part of the baby that comes out fi rst from the uterus is too large for the mother’s pelvis and birth canal.

Cephalopelvic disproportion - Circumstance in which the baby's head won't fit through the mother's pelvis ...

Cephalopelvic Disproportion - Term for when the baby's head will not fit through the mother's pelvis.
Cervical Incompetence - Term for the condition in which the cervix begins to open before the baby is full term.
Cervical Mucus - The mucus lining of the cervix.

~: When a baby's head is too large to pass through the mother's pelvis. This condition usually results in a cesarean section.
Cerclage: A stitch placed in a weak or incompetent cervix to keep the cervix closed and support a pregnancy to term.

The most common reason for doing a cesarean section. Sometimes the infant's head is larger than the mother's pelvis, through which the head must pass in a vaginal delivery. Therefore, the safest way to deliver the infant is to do so by cesarean section.

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Diagnosing ~ without ensuring adequate uterine contractions
Relaxin for slow or prolonged labor ...

Labor could stop progressing for several reasons, including ~ -- when the infant's head is too large for the mother's pelvic structure.
A maternal health condition could result in a C-section if it could be passed on to the child through vaginal delivery.

Cases where the size of your baby's head and your pelvis do not correspond (for example, if your pelvis is too small to accommodate your baby's head) are known as pelvic or ~.

~ (CPD) being the reason for your previous caesarean section gives you around a 66% chance of a VBAC. CPD is when your babies head is too big to fit through your pelvis.
If your Caesarean was for fetal distress then the success rate is around 66% for a VBAC.

A current problem that has led to difficult labor and cesarean before, such as a narrow pelvis and a large fetus (~).

Six women in each group underwent c-section for ~ (CPD) after the start of the study solution. Fifty-three percent of the bupivacaine group had an instrumental delivery versus 28% of the saline group ("<0.05).

The baby's head is too large to pass through mother's pelvis (~).
The baby is positioned buttocks-first (breech) or crosswise (transverse), rather than head-down.
Medical conditions of the mother, such as hypertension, preeclampsia, or eclampsia.
What Will Happen?

The most common indication was ~ (31.25%). Out of 53 babies delivered (one triplet delivery), two were grossly malformed and 49.05% babies had birth weight between 3.0 kg and 4.0 kg and 9.43% were macrosomic. A total of 45.

Details of birth outcomes including large neonate (4000 g), cesarean section due to ~ and operative vaginal delivery of women with and without GDM according to criteria of the NDDG and modified OGTT are shown in Table 4.

There is evidence of ~ (baby's head is too large to push through the pelvis)
Your labour is not progressing (known as failure to progress which does not constitute a true emergency)
Any life threatening situation for mother or baby ...

That way there's little risk the body will make it through but the baby's head will get hung up. In ~, the baby's head is often too large to fit through the mother's pelvis, either because of their relative sizes or because of poor positioning of the fetus.

for the mother or the baby due to pre-existing medical conditions such as some infectious sexually transmitted diseases, or medical conditions that develop because of pregnancy such as gestational hypertension or diabetes, pre-eclampsia or an unusually large baby (~).

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Pregnancy, Delivery, Cesarean, Vagina, Placenta?

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