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By Chuck Kowalski
Definition: Underlying refers to the commodity or futures contract upon which a given option is based. The price movement of the underlying dictates the price of a option contract.

Underlying Instrument
The instrument, such as shares and commodities on which a futures or options contract is based.
Related Terms...
Ordinary Shares
Commodity (commodities)
Futures Contract
Derivatives ...

Underlying Interest
The specific security, commodity, index or financial instrument that an option or futures contract is traded.
News On Underlying Interest ...

In finance, an underlying is an investment from which a derivative security is derived. Underlyings are invariably more common and more widely heard of than the securities derived from them.

Underlying Asset
What is the definition of Underlying Asset?
The underlying asset is the item being traded and exchanged between dealers and traders on a financial exchange.

It is a financial instrument which must be delivered in completion of an option or futures contract.
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Underlying debt
Municipal bonds issued by government entities but under the control of larger government entities and for which the larger entity shares the credit responsibility. ...

Underlying - covered warrant
The asset on which the covered warrant is based and derives its value. The underlying may be a security (such as shares), a share index (e.g. FTSE 100), a commodity or a currency.

Underlying Commodity: The cash commodity underlying a futures contract. Also, the commodity or futures contract on which a commodity option is based, and which must be accepted or delivered if the option is exercised.

Underlying Stock - The underlying stock is the stock for which you are purchasing the option.

Underlying Asset - In order to write an options trading contract, you certainly have to include the commodities that contract is buying. Corn futures, gold and silver are all examples of commodities that can be underlying assets.

The underlying asset that gives value to a futures contract could be shares, share market indices, commodities, currency, interest rates, weather etc.

Underlying Behavior
The presence of a Key Reversal Bar usually signals a reversal of psychology and a subsequent retracement of recent gains.

The actual traded market or markets from which the price of futures is derived.
Uptick ...

Underlying Asset - The stock, commodity, futures contract, or cash index to be delivered in the event an option is exercised.

Underlying Security
The stock an option taker has the right to buy or sell if they choose to exercise their option.
Measurement of an underlying stock is expected to vary or fluctuate in a given time period ...

1. In derivatives, the security that must be delivered when a derivative contract, such as a put or call option, is exercised.

Underlying Stock Dividends
Dividends increase the attractiveness of holding stock rather than buying calls. This is because call buyers are not entitled to the dividends until they actually own the stock.

Underlying Behavior
In this pattern prices edge steadily higher in a converging pattern i.e. there are higher highs and higher lows indicating that bulls are winning over bears.

Underlying Instrument
A class of options is all the puts and calls on a particular underlying instrument. The something that an option gives a person the right to buy or sell is the underlying instrument.

Underlying asset, underlying instrument: The instrument (shares, bonds, stock index.) that can be purchased (in case of call) or sold (in case of a put) by a buyer who exercises his option.

UNDERLYING SECURITY Options: the security subject to being purchased or sold upon exercise of an option contract. For example, IBM stock is the underlying security to IBM options.

Underlying Security
The security subject to being purchased or sold upon exercise of the option contract.

underlying security - the stock, bond, index, or other financial instrument upon which a derivative such as an option is based. It is the underlying security that is subject to being bought or sold upon exercise of the option.

Underlying Fund Expenses - You will also indirectly pay the fees and expenses imposed by the mutual funds that are the underlying investment options for your variable annuity.

The "something" that the parties agree to exchange in a derivative contract.
Undiversifiable risk ...

Underlying Security: The security upon which a derivative (option, index, futures contract) or other security is based. Eg, an ASA option is based upon the price of ASA stock. The S&P 500 futures index is based upon the S&P 500 stock index.

Underlying Instrument
may sound musical, but refers to the stock, security, or other financial thing that is the basis of the value of a financial derivative.

Underlying Security - The security which one has the right to buy or sell via the terms of a listed option contract.

Financial instrument that underlies an option, future, warrant or other instrument.
Underlying index
The index that a tracker follows ...

Underlying Commodity: The commodity or futures contract on which a commodity option is based, and which must be accepted or delivered if the option is exercised. Also, the cash commodity underlying a futures contract.

Underlying liquidity: The liquidity in the underlying basket of the ETF. This liquidity is not always visible on the stock exchange, but market makers can facilitate large investments into ETFs if there is sufficient underlying liquidity.

Underlying Instrument: A trading instrument subject to purchase upon exercise.
Undervalued: Refers to a security selling below the value the market value analysts believe it is worth, or below its liquidation value.

Underlying contract
You must consider the characteristics of the underlying contract. The chart below shows the average daily volume of the e-mini S&P: ...

Other Underlying Assets
In addition to credit risk and currency, the value of OTC derivatives can be based on assets like commodities, bonds and shares of stocks.

Underlying Structure
First, the parent company establishes a wholly-owned special purpose subsidiary (a grantor trust), whose sole purpose is to issue the securities. The holding company then acquires all of the special purpose trust's common stock.

Underlying: Close point of DJX at current date, 84.48.
In table 1, there are the prices on Dec.

What supports the security or instrument that parties agree to exchange in a derivative contract.
Underlying asset
The security or property or loan agreement that an option gives the option holder the right to buy or to sell.

Underlying stock
The stock to be delivered in the event an option is exercised.
Underwriter ...

Derivatives are based on an underlying, or underlying asset, which may a bond, currency, index, raw material, interest, etc.
Describes an investment's return below that of the predefined comparative index.

Underlying principles in these methods apply swing principles in charts that dont have any time element.

Underlying Futures Contract: The specific futures contract that is bought or sold by exercising an option.

Underlying - The security on which options are being bought or sold.
Underlying Security - The security on which options are being bought or sold.

The underlying elements that the economy of the subject is studied from Forex fundamental analysis.

The underlying component of fiscal policy is the government's budget, which determines how much it will spend on various goods and services. The amount of the budget is usually tied to tax revenues and other sources of income for the government.

The underlying assets or instruments which are traded in the cash market.
The underlying assets or instruments that are traded in the cash market.

The underlying asset is most commonly a financial security (e.g. shares or bonds), a commodity (e.g. a fixed quantity of a metal) or linked to a financial index.

The underlying forces behind the Elliott Wave Theory are of building up and tearing down. The basic concepts of the Elliott Wave Theory are listed below.

The underlying stock (e.g. AAPL, DELL, MSFT, etc.)
The Expiration Date of the contract (i.e. Third Friday of the Expiration Month)
The Strike Price (or Exercise Price)
Option Type: Call or Put option ...

The underlying point behind all the model construction is that of finding a value that arbitrage will enforce. Arbitrage is always a self-terminating activity -- it brings prices to a level at which it can no longer occur.

The underlying indexes for CME Hurricane futures and options on futures will be calculated by Carvill, a leading independent reinsurance intermediary in specialty reinsurance that tracks and calculates hurricane activity.

The underlying commodity in a futures contract. Example: Coffee is the cash commodity in a coffee futures contract. Interchangeable with "actual' and 'spot' commodity Related Terms: Spot Commodity
Cash Market ...

The underlying share is the actual share that the CFD is based on - remember you are not actually taking ownership and therefore trading the share.

The underlying asset traded and the time to expiration are a couple of big components to the equation. Normally, a market that is relatively less volatile and an expiration time that is longer usually means a lower percentage payout.

Long underlying stock/future
Short OTM call option
Long OTM put option
Risk / Reward ...

The (underlying) EBITDA margin is calculated by dividing EBITDA (before special items) by sales
Economic cycle ...

Strong underlying economic fundamentals have made GBP a juggernaut against its rival currencies.

But the underlying logic of that criticism, and Buffett’s philosophy as well as the nature of trend following says that now is the time.

The cash underlying a forward trade does not have to be paid until the contract expires, whereas the cash behind futures is calculated on a daily basis, with the buyer and seller having to settle the differences on a daily basis.

Indicates underlying weakness of a trend
Warning of a possible change in the trend from up to down
Classic Bullish Divergence ...

Since the underlying businesses operate in differing markets, sectors and countries, ...

Price of underlying: The premium is affected by the price movements in the underlying instrument.

Adware: The Underlying Truth Revealed
***First Downs and Second Guesses - Blog #50
Nursing Assignment Help for Essays and Case Studies ...

Example of underlying securities in HOLDRs
An investor that purchased one lot of telecom HOLDRs would beneficially own the following: ...

What are the underlying assumption of zero based budgeting?
What is zero-zero?
Who asserted that zero divided by zero equals zero?

Depending on underlying security options can be:
Options on shares;
Options on bonds;
Options on interest rates;
Options on currencies ...

What's the underlying dynamic in play here? It's the obvious one.. the bulls have their favorite hot spots, and the bears have theirs.

call writing Uncovered options Uncovered put Uncovered Put writing Undecillion Under the belt Underbanked Underbooked Undercapitalized Underfunded pension plan Underinvestment problem Underlying ...

Binary, or Binary options trading platform - a web-based, over-the-counter, real-time trading arena, which offers non-professional investors a way to profit from correct, short term predictions of some underlying asset (e.g.

So every derivative will be derived from an underlying asset. If the value of the underlying asset changes, the value of the derivative also changes accordingly.

Study of basic, underlying factors that will affect the supply and demand of the security being traded. Fundamental analysis looks at the cause of market movement, while technical analysis studies the effect in the form of price action.

Core Principles Underlying the Regulation of U.S. Investment Companies
Appendix B: Significant Events in Fund History
Glossary ...

The price of the underlying security an option owner can buy or sell at.
A level where price seems to run into too much demand so price stalls and possibly reverse up.

The removal of the underlying trend in price. One method of detrending prices is to subtract price from its average and represent the result around a zero line.
Devaluation ...

To make note of any underlying trends, the moving averages of a security are charted over a prolonged time period. This is begun by calculating the average closing price of a stock for a given number of days, say 10.

A process to buy an underlying asset with cash for only a part of the total price.
Forex Market Terms ...

The study of basic, underlying factors which will affect the supply and demand and hence the price of a futures contract.
Futures Commission Merchant (FCM) ...

The behavior of the underlying stock considerably affects the value of an option. Investors have different opinions about how a particular stock will behave in the future and hence may disagree about the value of any given option.

[NYMEX] Refers to debt securities, currencies, physical commodities and equity securities (versus derivatives) [TMAC] The physical commodity underlying a futures contract. Cash commodity, physical.

If the underlying source of risk is an exchange rate, the price of gold or silver, a share price, or an equity index, then the "square root of three" rule for the volatility may apply. For underlying oil price risk that rule may not work so well.

At-the-money: An option whose strike price is equal to the market value of the underlying futures contract. Can also refer to an order to buy a futures contract at the current bid-ask price (see Market order).

CallAn option that gives the right to buy the underlying futures contract. call date A date before maturity, specified at issuance, when the issuer of a bond may retire part of the bond for a specified call price.

Cash Market A place where people buy and sell the instrument underlying a futures contract, such as a securities exchange.

Spread strategy A strategy that involves a position in one or more options so that the cost of buying an option is funded entirely or in part by selling another option in the same underlying.

Exercise Or Strike Price The price at which the holder (buyer) may purchase or sell the underlying futures contract upon the exercise of an option.

Exception: GNMA options and T-Bill, T-Note, and T-Bond options, in which the aggregate exercise price is the strike price times the face value of the underlying contract.

Spread: A spread is when an investor purchases an option and sells an option with different terms on the same underlying security. For example, a spread may be established by buying an XYZ March 35 call and selling a XYZ March 40 call.

Derivative - A contract that changes in value in relation to the price movements of a related or underlying security, future or other physical instrument. An Option is the most common derivative instrument.

Look for a divergence between it and its underlying security. If the Dow is making new highs but the CCI is not, for example, then the Dow is likely to undergo a correction.

Commodity Swap - A swap where exchanged cash flows are dependant on the price of an underlying commodity.
Compound Option - Having an option on an option.

A call option allows the buyer to purchase the underlying stock at any time up to the expiration date of the contract. A put option allows the buyer to sell the underlying stock at any time up to the expiration date of the contract.

Look at the price of stock/underlying at 10:25-10:30 am. (half hour after market opens)
3. For Resistance and support values, you can choose normal values or fibonacci values. Both give good results. It depends upon you which suits you.

The underlying dynamics of Phase 3 are dictated by the characteristics of the preceding phases - Phase 1 and Phase 2.

See also: See also: Market, Trading, Stock, Option, Options

Stock market  Uncovered put options  Underlying Instrument

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