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Wine  Secondary fermentation  Seductive

Some sediments can take up to six weeks to settle. If the wine still looks cloudy when you shine a light through it, you may want to let it sit longer.
It's best to store wine at a cool and even temperature.
Things You'll Need ...

The residue of solids in a bottle of red wine that forms as the wine is matured.
A lesser known white grape often blended with Sauvignon Blanc, especially in the production of the sweet wines of Sauternes, France.

Sediment Will Affect The Taste
It's usual to decant fine old red wines and some ports that have spent most of their lives maturing in bottle, as they throw a deposit or crust which if allowed into the glass, would sully the appearance and affect the taste.

The more common name for lees. The debris that accumulates in the bottom of the jar during fermentation.

The non-liquid material at the bottom of a bottle of wine. Sediment is not detrimental and simply part of the wine.
Silky ...

~s and Crystals
Neither of these are true faults, but both have the potential to spoil the experience unless they are understood.

In a young wine still being made, the ~ is the remnants of the wine making process itself. These tiny particles drop to the bottom of the barrel or tank, and the wine is then racked - moved to a fresh tank or barrel - and the ~ left behind.

~. Naturally occurring muddy stuff in the bottom of some bottles, especially old ones. It's harmless.
Shiraz. Australia's signature red-wine grape. Same as Syrah.

~—Pieces of dead yeast cells, skin and other materials that can sink to the bottom of an unfiltered red wine.

~ - The harmless solid matter created by wine during fermentation and aging. In the aging process it sometimes forms a deposit on the side or bottom of the bottle. Wines with heavy ~ation should be decanted before serving.
Sharp - High acid.

~. Small particles, mostly of color, that drop out of suspension as a wine ages. With considerable age, many great wines throw off a ~. ~ is harmless.

~: The gritty deposit that collects in the bottle of older red wines. It is a natural part of aging. Wines with ~ should stand upright for several hours before serving, and then be decanted off of the settled ~.

~: The fine deposits which may develop in some aged wines. May require that the wine be decanted before drinking.
Sekt: German term for sparkling wine. Sekt is mostly produced in the charmat process, and is usually an undistinguished wine.

The small particles in wine from the grape skins, seeds, and other grape particles. ~ often settles at the bottom of the bottle and should be left behind when pouring or decanting as it tastes bitter.

During the wine making process, tiny particulates fall to the bottom of the tank or barrel. The wine is then removed from this ~ by "racking", in which the wine is moved to a new container while leaving the ~ behind in the old one.

~ and yeast found in a barrel or tank during and after fermentation. Increasingly, New World winemakers are using the old technique of aging the wine on the lees to increase complexities in the aromas and flavors. "Sur Lie" is the French term for a wine left on the lees.

~os que resultan del proceso de fermentación del vino (restos de levaduras, materias coloidales, etc.).
lees ...

~s are the dark residuals. As wine ages, it shreds color in the form of pigmented ~s. Most sommeliers prefer decanting to filter the ~s, but they are perfectly safe to drink. More here.
2) Not all wines get better age! ...

Solid material that has settled to the bottom of any wine container. The term is especially used in reference to bottles.
The term used to describe American wines named for famous regions of other countries. Examples include: Burgundy, Chablis or Rhine.

~ that is found in the bottom of the bottle
Characteristic of a premium wine that demonstrates an excellent concentration of aromas and flavours.

~ is also thrown off during the second fermentation and is removed through the steps of riddling (or rémuage) and disgorging (or dégorgement).

~ remaining in a barrel or tank during and after fermentation. Often used as in sur lie aging, which indicates a wine is aged "on its lees." See also sur lie.
A type of oak cask from Limoges, France. See also French oak.

In winemaking: the lees (dead yeast cells) and other solids that accumulate at the bottom of the tank or barrel.

cloudy, ~ and/or bubbles inappropriate for type; or colour distinctly wrong for type
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lees ~ consisting of dead yeast cells, grape pulp, seed, and other grape matter that accumulates during fermentation.
leesy a tasting term noting the rich aromas and smells resulting from a wine which spends time resting on its lees.

Heces (~) Solid particles deposited on the bottom of the receptacle containing wine due to decantation, or once fermentation is completed. In wine tasting, advanced organic material that gives off very disagreeable, putrid odours.

Lees: The ~ deposited by young wines in barrel or vat, consisting mainly of inactive yeasts and small particles of solid matter from the grape.
Legs: The drops that inch up the inside surface of a glass above the wine and slowly run back down. Also known as "tears".
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Crust - ~, generally potassium bitartrate, that adheres to the inside of a wine bottle.
Cult wines - Wines for which committed buyers will pay large sums of money because of their desirbility and rarity.
Cuve - A large vat used for fermentation.

Removing the ~ from the bottles is a process called dégorgement, or disgorging. The bottle necks are dipped in a solution of freezing brine or glycol. This freezes a plug of wine and ~ in the top of the neck.

LEES are the ~s - dead yeast cells, grape pulp, seeds and pigment - that drop to the bottom of a vessel during and after a wine's fermentation. Sur lie is a French phrase with refers to extended contact of wine with the lees, which imparts additional flavor (described in wine jargon as leesy).

Lees: The ~ which settles to the bottom of the wine in a tank during processing. If primarily yeast, as from a fermentation, it is called "yeast lees;" if ~ from fining, it is called "fining lees." ...

~ consists of small, usually colored particles, that settle to the bottom as the wine ages. While ~ is harmless, it is often removed by decanting to improve the wine's appearance.
Of course you know what a grape seed is.

The most common defect.
Muddy ~ Stale muddy water, fetid, off stale milk, baby vomit.
Metallic Metal on tooth fillings (light sensation of), epsom salts.
Earthy Earth, wet soil.
Burnt Caramel.

Lees: Heavy ~ (dregs) left in the barrel by fermenting wines; a combination of spent yeast cells and grape solids. (fr. lie) The expression, "boire le calice jusqu'à la lie" means to: (1.) drink to the bitter end; (2.) drink to the dregs.

Crust: The ~, often crystalline, which forms inside wine bottles during long bottle aging. It is often brittle and can break into pieces as the wine is being poured. It is usually composed of natural cream of tartar.

Lees: Natural ~ left by the wine following its first fermentation.

Lees: The ~ left behind after fermentation from yeast cells, seeds, skins and pulp.
Length: In all types of wines length is the taste left in your mouth after swallowing. A wine with a longer and pleasant aftertaste means a better quality of wine.

In the making of champagne and other sparkling wines, an operation for shifting the deposit or ~ onto the cork of the bottle.

Eventually, these large molecules fall out of the liquid and form part of what is called the ~. Since tannins can be responsible for an astringent quality to red wines, as they fall out of the liquid, the flavor can soften, leaving behind the more majestic characteristics of the fruit.

At this point the neck of the bottle is being plunged in a liquid solution at a temperature of about -20°C (-4°F) in order to rapidly freeze the ~. The next operation - disgorgement or dègorgement and which allows the elimination of the ~ - consists in opening the bottle.

The bubbles are in the bottle, but so is the ~ which the fermentation has deposited. To remove it, the bottle is placed in a riddling rack, with the neck slightly downward. Workmen twist the bottle and tilt it farther down every day to force the ~ into the neck, next to the cork.

If you have an older bottle, you know you will decant that evening, go ahead and in the morning stand it upright so that all the ~ particles go to the bottom of the bottle. That period of time helps ensure that all the particles are at the bottom, not still floating around.

First, the bottle will have the sloped shoulder style that is typically found in white wines (and Pinot Noir) where there is no need for a ~ lip. You'll also be able to see that it is a white wine through the green glass, instead of red wine.

There are two styles: one, called "traditional" LBV, collects a ~ at the bottom of the bottle, and so must be decanted and filtered (through a coffee filter or a layer of cheesecloth) before drinking.

3 Bouquet 4 ~ It helps the development of the aroma, bringing out the bouquet of the wine. In the case of most aged Red Grands Crus, a natural ~ is produced when colour pigments react with tannins. Decanting enables us to separate the ~ leaving the wine crystal clear to drink.

It is the best thing to do when a wine has thrown some ~ in the bottle. The very action of pouring the wine from one container to another aerates it and releases the esters and aldehydes, perhaps trapped in the bottle for years, to intoxicate your nose and palate.

Decanting is usually used as a means of removing ~ from a mature wine. It can also be very effective in softening a firm, young red wine. The younger and tougher the wine, the earlier you should decant.

Forum post in the topic ~s in white wines
I'm fairly new to wine tasting, but I've noticed something: Most Zinfandels I have tried really just haven't rubbed me the right way.

CALM - Constant vibration from machinery or a nearby road disturbs a red wine's ~ and can be harmful to all wine. This is not commonly a problem in the average home as dangerous extremes are rare and obvious.

TRUB: Is the trubaceous matter is the ~ that gathers in the bottom of a beer fermenting vessel & mainly consists of heavy fats, proteins, hop bits and dead yeast cells. HOT TRUB is the ~ that occurs when the wort is boiled & consists largely of coagulated proteins and gums.

Crystals are just like any other natural ~. Stand the wine bottle upright for a few hours, to allow the ~ to settle into the bottom of the glass. Then decant the glass into another container, being careful not to let the ~ go into the decanter.

Disgorgement The process of removing the yeast ~ resulting from the secondary fermentation in bottle of Champagne and other quality sparkling wines.

DECANTING A method by which cellar-aged bottled wine is poured slowly and carefully into a second vessel, usually a glass decanter, in order to leave any ~ in the original bottle before serving. Almost always a treatment confined to red wines.

The prolonged contact of the must and the ~s during fermentation; maceration is longer or shorter depending on whether one wishes to obtain a red or rosé wine. It is during maceration that the aromas and tannins are diffused.
Macération préfermentaire : ...

Disgorging (Degorgement). The neck of the bottle, where the ~ has collected, is frozen and the temporary cork removed. The internal pressure forces the frozen ~ out. Wine of the same type and volume is added to fill the bottle.

Dépőt consisted the ~ation of yeasts when they finished their activity. Certain wines are high on dregs to enrich them in flavours or to preserve a beading aspect to them.
It says itself of a wine of clear and brilliant color not containing suspended matter.

Cloudy An evident lack of visual clarity. Fine for old wines with ~, but in younger wines cloudiness can be a warning signal.
Cloying Describes sweet wines that lack the acidity to balance their sugar content. Rather than leaving the palate clean, a sticky, gummy sensation remains.

The practice of turning and inverting bottles of sparkling wines over a period of time, until the ~ has all collected in the neck of the bottle, and the ~ can be removed.
Denotes the wine grapes have reached the optimum level of maturity.

A technique, which removes ~ from wine and allows the wine to open up by exposing it to oxygen.
Wine which exhibits complexity and layers of flavors that unfold on the palate and with aeration.

Decanting-the act of pouring a wine into a special container just for breathing-is a controversial subject in wine. In addition to aeration, decanting with a filter allows one to remove bitter ~s that may have formed in the wine.

Racking: The practice of moving wine by hose from one container to another, leaving ~ behind. For aeration or clarification.
Raisiny: Having the taste of raisins from ultra-ripe or overripe grapes. Can be pleasant in small doses in some wines.

Should I ever use a decanter for my wines?
A decanter is used mainly to remove ~ from older red wines. Also, it can be used to open up young red wines. Otherwise, wine will “breathe' enough in your glass and decanting is not necessary.

A process for separating the ~ from a wine before drinking. Accomplished by slowly and carefully pouring the wine from its bottle into another container.

Sur Lies
Aging process where yeast ~ is left in the cask to impart a creamy, nutty flavor to the wine. Characteristic of great French white wines.

A wine's clarity refers to its clearness and absence of ~.
A wine taster would say a wine is cloying if it's so sweet that the sweetness stays in the mouth after tasting it.

A French term used to describe the stirring of lees material (~ consisting of yeast cells, grape pulp and pips) during the winemaking process. The process is designed to add body and flavour to a wine.

The process by which wine is transferred from one barrel or vat to another, to separate it from the lees and other ~s. During racking, the level of sulphur is monitored and corrected in order to avoid contamination.

Decanting - The process of pouring wine from its bottle into a decanter to separate the ~ from the wine.
Dry - Wines with zero or very low levels of residual sugar.
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A natural component found to varying degrees in the skins, seeds and stems of grapes; most prominent in red wines, where it creates a dry, puckering sensation in young reds of concentrated extract; mellows with aging and drops out of the wine to form ~; ...

Labour intensive process of siphoning wine from one barrel to another in order to leave some ~ behind and gradually clarify the wine.
Recioto ...

Rack: the process of draining wine from a holding tank in order to separate it from the ~ that has collected at the bottom. This also serves to aerate the wine.

They include anthocyans, tannins and many flavour compounds. Precipitated, they form an important part of wine's ~ and play a considerable role in wine ageing. Red wines are much higher in phenolics than white, which is why red wine is better at protecting against heart disease.

It is always good to make sure the wine is 'clear'. A little cork is harmless, but you'll want to check for ~s or a presence of particles.

Decanting : Is the action of pouring a wines directly from its bottle in a jug, in order to separate the wine from its ~, to provide oxygen and to release its .

Decant. To transfer wine from the bottle into another container, to aerate or to separate an unfiltered red wine from its ~.

The difference may be defined as follows: Decanting is the process in which bottle ~ is separated from wine, and breathing is the practice of allowing air and wine to naturally mix for a brief period in a decanter, improving the flavor of the aerated wine.

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How to Remove Wine ~ ...

Lees - The solids which settle to the bottom of a barrel or vat as a wine ferments and ages. In some wines the lees are stirred on a regular basis to create a richer fuller mouth feel in the wines. Wines undergo racking to remove these ~s.

In most cases, the major portion of the yeast cells will soon be found in the ~, or lees. Separation of the supernatant wine from the lees is called racking.

Tannin forms part of the ~ present in red wines that have aged for a number of years.
Tart. Sharp, overacid.
Tartar. See Crystals.
Thick. Excessively heavy and dense.
Thin. Light and without body; watery.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Wine, Bottle, Grape, White, Taste?

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