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Sanskrit (/ˈsænskrɪt/; संस्-ृतम् saṃskṛtam [səmskr̩t̪əm], originally संस्-ृता वा-् saṃskṛtā vāk, "refined speech") is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism, a philosophical language in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, ...

Sanskrit Glossary
Alphabetical Sanskrit Glossary in Sanskrit to English. Hundreds of translations of Yoga related terms and Terminology. ...

Forward-bend Pose (oo-grah-sa-na) Ugra-asana - The Sanskrit word ugra means powerful, mighty, strong or noble. We usually keep this posture untranslated but it can be called the noble or powerful posture. Also known as the pascimottana-asana or the brahmacharya-asana.

We are making a conscious effort to define and explain whichever sanskrit terms are used in this site and elsewhere in our online Sanskrit glossary.
In the future much material will be presented in this site to introduce the wonderful language of Sanskrit to the readers.
Free Downloads ...

Yoga Poses Alphabetically by Sanskrit Names
If you only know the Sanskrit names of a yoga pose, look it up here where the poses are arranged alphabetically by Sanskrit name.

~ - one of the first written human languages; usually written in devanagari script - literal "the cultured language"
shiva - aka Rudra (the "feared one", major hindu god and 1/3 of the Trimurti. Masculine; Lord of the Dance; Destroyer and Transformer. Consort of Shakti.

~: the language of the Vedas, one of the oldest languages in the world. A dead language fundamental to modern indian languages as Hindi and Bangla, mainly practiced by priests reciting from the classical scriptures (see for a modern ~ dictionary and V i s' v a k o s h a).

Other Sanskrit and Pali translations...
Further Reading...
Teach Yourself Sanskrit
Michael Coulson ...

a language used in of Yoga, Hinduism and Buddhism, and an official languages of India, considered "historical".
Santosha or Santosh ...

(~ to English)
Swagatam! (Welcome!:)
Please Note!!! Major site change!!!!
After many years, my web host was sold and lots of pages here were corrupted with the move. I'm looking at it as an opportunity after seven years to refresh, reorganize, renew and add more! ...

vrddhi [in Sanskrit grammar]: the long modification.
Vrindavan see Vrndavana
Vrishabha see vrsabha ...

Glossary of Sanskrit Terms
adhibhuta: pertaining to the elements
adhidaiva: presiding deity
adhiyajnah: entire administration of the cosmos in its various facets
abhyasa: repetition, practice
abhyasa yoga: the yoga of persistent practice
adhyatma: the subjective self
advaita: non-dual ...

Understanding Sanskrit Names
For Yoga Postures

Sources: light on Yoga by B.K.S. Iyengar ...

~: Learning the Language of Yoga
Remember the muted-trombone teacher talk in Peanuts cartoons (bwah-bwah-bwah)? That's what I heard the first several times I listened to yoga instructors announce poses like Tiryam Mukha Eka Pada, Hasta Padangusthasana, Paschimottanasana, etc. during class.

~ training includes Mantra, Asanas, Pranayama, and other Yoga words.
Examination for Practical Training, Theory Assignments on Anatomy & Physiology, Ashtanga Yoga, Teaching Methodology, Individual Education, Practical Lesson examination (Examination of Teaching Yoga).

~ Terms for Hatha Yoga Postures
Adho Down
Adho Mukha Svanasana ("AH-doh MOO-kah shvah-NAHS-anna") Downward Facing Dog ...

Mastering the Om: A Guide for Beginners
Feel antsy every time you chant Om? Learn from writer Yelena Moroz Alpert's experience with this how-to guide and demo video.

~: The classical literary language of India. All the words relating to Yoga come from ~, the ancient Indo European language of Hinduism, the Vedas and other sacred texts.

(gives Sanskrit: I-10)
which uses the metaphor of walking in a hot desert. It implies that bliss comes to the one whom, after wandering in the desert, has been able to find shelter.

~ letter are engraved on the petals of the lotuses, which symbolizes cosmic energy in the form of the exposed word. On the wall so yoga ashrams, (the place which usually secluded residence of a religious community and its guru) are large paintings of the cakras with all their symbols.

~ Name for Yoga Poses, Postures and AsanasEnglish Name for Yoga Poses, Postures and AsanasVisualLevel
Adho Mukha Svanasana Pose
Downward Facing Dog
Beginner, All Levels ...

~ and Siddha Yoga, SYDA Foundation definitions in Black
Sathya Sai Organization definitions in Blue Italics

~ is not just any old alphabet. Tantric writers refer to the letters as matrikas - "little mothers of the universe". Each letter is attributed to be a vocalisation of the very Self, immutable and undestroyable, akshara.

ancient language from which many modern languages are derived; the language related to mantras
Santosha ...

(~) (Bhagavad-Gita, Chapter 9, Text- 4, Most Confidential knowledge.
Meaning: By Me, in My unmanifested form, the entire universe is pervaded. All things are in in Me, but I am not in them.

(~) Usually translated as "truth-company" or being in the company of the wise. And satsang, according to several texts of yoga, is one of the great doorways to inner freedom.

In ~ the word ushtra means camel.
Position of Readiness
Fold back both the legs at the knees (keep them apart from one another at about six inches) and be seated on the curve of soles and toes, keeping the heels apart and turned upwards under the hips. Make the body straight.

In ~, Sarva means the whole and Anga means body or limb or part. Thus Sarvanga means the whole body or all the limbs and Sarvangasana refers the pose that benefits the whole body.

In ~ Nirvana means "blowing out". It often refers to leaving worldly attachments behind. Quite often when performing this the practitioner visualizes toxins leaving the body. At other times the practitioner reflects apone a worldly desire and visualizes it being blown from their consciousness.

In ~, the Shoulder Stand is called Salamba Sarvangasana. Sarva translates as "whole, entire." Anga means "limb" or "body." Salamba means "with support." In this position, we learn to support our whole body upside down on the foundation of the shoulders.

In ~, ha means sun, tha means moon. Hatha yoga is the practice of harmonizing the body's inner currents (principally the currents of Feeling, Thinking, Willing, and Acting) until they are in perfect balance.

In ~ Bhastrika means 'bellows'. Rapid succession of forcible expulsion is a characteristic feature of Bhastrika. Just as a blacksmith blows his bellows rapidly, so also you should move your breath rapidly.

The ~ word, swara, has many definitions and applications. In yoga, briefly stated, swara pertains to the recognition of rhythm, pulsation, or wave of the universe tracing these wave forms and patterns back to their source.

The ~ name of the pose coveys several images.   Triang means "three limbs" literally and can refer to the three limbs that you are extending forward.   Or more loosely the term can refer to three parts of the body in general.

The ~ word hatha is thought to be derived from the verbal root hath which means "to force" or "hold firmly" and thus Hatha Yoga is sometimes called "forceful yoga.

The ~ word Svaroopa is used by Patanjali in his Yoga Sutras to describe a state of inner, transcendent bliss. Svaroopa Yoga, with its gentle poses and non-straining approach, aims to cultivate just that.

The ~ word "Uddiyana" comes from the root ‘ut' and ‘di' which means to "fly up." When this Bandha is practised the Prana flies up through the Sushumna Nadi. Hence the significant name.

The ~ name for this posture sarvangasana means 'all the body'.

Time: ...

Ujjayee in ~ means victorious. Ujjayee can be performed in a standing position as well as in a lying position.
How to do :
Standing Position ...

Hatha is a ~ word meaning 'sun' (ha) and 'moon' (tha), representing opposing energies: hot and cold, male and female, positive and negative, similar but not completely analogous to yin and yang.

'Yoga' is a ~ word which means 'union' - the union of our mind, body and spirit. To learn yoga and achieve physical and mental excellence, this scientific system requires discipline and obedience to certain rules. Yoga can be rightly described by the word 'Asana' which means postures or poses.

Niyama is a ~ word meaning rules or laws. These are the rules prescribed for personal observance. Like the five yamas, the Niyamas are not exercises or actions to be simply studied. They represent far more than an attitude. Compared with the yamas, the Niyamas are more intimate and personal.

PatanjaIi - ~ grammarian (ca. 300 B.C.-300 A.D.); he compiled and systematized all ancient techniques and theories of Yoga into aphorisms (short sayings) called Yoga Sutras; this system is generally known as Classical Yoga ...

Glossary of ~ Terms
Abhyasa: constant and determined practice
Adho Mukha Svanasana: Downward facing Dog Pose
Ahamkara: Ego or Egotism
Ahimsa: non-violence, non-harming, one of the Yamas in Patanjali's Yoga.

yogis do it in ~
Yoga in 2010, Setting a New Years Intention the Yogic Way, 30 Day Yoga Challenge and some Press in the Mercury
Post a comment ...

~: An ancient literary language of India. Early yoga literature and terms were written in ~. Sattvic Foods: Foods that promotes health, vitality, strength, and tranquility. They calm the mind and sharpen the intellect, maintaining mental poise throughout the day.

Most asanas have ~ names, which often signify a resemblance to a creature of nature. Some denote vegetative life while others are named after insects, reptiles or mammals. When performing the asanas, the body assumes many of these life forms.

Sarvangasana, the ~ name for the Shoulderstand, comes from the word "sarva", meaning whole. This Asana strengthens your entire body; it gives many of the benefits of the Headstand, but here the circulation is directed to your thyroid gland instead of the head.

ISHTA is an acronym for the 'Integrated Science of Hatha, Tantra, and Ayurveda' and the word 'Ishta' also has a ~ meaning: that which resonates with the individual spirit.

This word is derived from the ~ element 'Yuj'. One would normally believe 'hanging with head down is Yoga' but this is not correct. A bat remains hung with head down every day through out his life but we do not say a bat is a Yogi.

In another sense, sleep is a level, not an object: When we translate these words of meditation science from ~ to English, we can unintentionally end up with some confusion. Here, nidra is translated as sleep.

The word yantra is used in two or more ways in ~. It comes from the root "yam", which means supporting or holding the essence of an object or concept. The syllable "tra" comes from "trana" or liberation from bondage. Yantra also means liberation from the cycle of birth and rebirth (moksha).

Vinyasa (pronounced "vin-yah-sah") is the ~ word for "flow", and vinyasa classes are known for their fluid, movement-intensive practices. Vinyasa teachers choreograph their classes to smoothly transition from pose to pose, and often play music to keep things lively.

Many Siddha Yoga chants are in ~, the revealed language of the sages, the vibrations of which have the power to purify the body, the mind, and the atmosphere. The melodies of the chants are based on ancient melodic patterns of Indian classical music called ragas.

The ~ word veda means "Knowledge", while the ~ word Rig means "Praise". Thus the sacred Rig-veda is the collection of hymns that are in praise of a higher power.

Tantra ("Loom"): a type of ~ work containing Tantric teachings; the tradition of Tantrism, which focuses on the shakti side of spiritual life and which originated in the early post-Christian era and achieved its classical features around 1000 C.E.

Yoga started in India, many thousand years ago with the word Yoga being derived from the ~ language. It means, to join or integrate, or simply unite. Yoga began, as far as human knowledge goes, as part of India's spiritual system. However, not all Indians practiced Yoga.

"Ha-tha" is actually a compound of two ~ words, "ha" meaning sun, and "tha" meaning moon. So hatha yoga is really the "union of the sun and moon".

Sri Nathamuni, Translated from ~ by T.K.V. Desikachar
Krishnamacharya Yoga Madiram, 13. 4th Cross street, Ramakrishna Nagar, Chennai - 28, India
One of the most important classic text on Hatha Yoga, and the only one to give advice specifically for women.

This yoga glossary gives definitions of the ~ words found throughout this website, with links to the places where they are used.
For a comprehensive yoga ~ dictionary, with over 3,500 yoga terms, see our publication entitled The Language of Yoga.
Yoga Dictionary Index ...

An epic poem in ~, attributed to the sage Vyasa, which recounts the struggle between the Pandava and Kaurava princes over a disputed kingdom. A vast narrative encompassing a wealth of Indian secular and religious lore, it also contains the spiritual treasure of the Bhagavad-gita.

Namaste - is a combination of the two ~ words: nama, and te. Basically, nama means "to bow" and te means "you." A gesture honoring the light in one another.
Om - the universal mantra; cosmic vibration of the universe
Pravritti - nature of the mind ...

Pranayama - is a ~ word often translated as control of the life force (prana). When used as a technical term in yoga, it is often translated more specifically as 'breath control' or 'breathing technique.' ...

SUTRA - "thread," ~ saying or a collection of sayings
- YOGA SUTRAS - a collection of sayings by Patanjali on Raja Yoga

SVADHISTHANA CHAKRA - the centre in the region of the sacro-iliac joint ...

I remember only one pose from my first yoga class seven years ago: a modified seated forward bend known in ~ as Paschimottanasana. I sat on a mat with my legs slightly bent in front of me, my arms wrapped beneath my thighs as my forehead reached toward my toes.

The physical discipline of Yoga involves specific breathing techniques and postures, called asanas - a ~ term, which means "to sit in a particular position." In other words, asanas are the various positions that make up the practice of Yoga.

" In yoga the equivalent of this life force is "prana" and the pathways are "nadis" (~).
Psychic space behind the forehead where all psychic events are viewed. "Third Eye." Space of consciousness.
Cin-mudra ...

Many of the poses (also called postures or their ~ name, asanas) resemble basic calisthenics -- push-ups and handstands, toe touches and side bends -- but the key to power yoga's sweat-producing, muscle-building power is the pace.

A physical, edge-pushing practice that reintegrates yoga's traditional spiritual elements in an educational way for Western practitioners. Expect a theme for each class, ~ chanting, and references to ancient scripture.

At the beginning of every Ashtanga yoga class, the teacher will take a moment to lead the students in chanting a few lines of ~. As you chant, you close your eyes and focus your attention inward to prepare yourself for the rigors of the class.

There are many mantras ranging from words taken from Hindu ~ to Catholic prayer (especially when "saying the rosary," where the repetition of the prayer is meditative). If you do not already know of a good mantra to use I suggest you use "hamsa.

Der Nutzen von Yoga hilft Ihnen in allen Aspekten Ihres Lebens geistlich und physikalisch. Definition von Yoga das Wort "Yoga" kommt vom Wurzelyuj ~, das "bedeutet, oder" zum Joch "zu verbinden".
Ventajas en espaol ...

1)Paripurna navasana (full boat pose)
2)Ardha navasana (half boat pose)
3)Urdhva prasarita padasana (30-60-90 pose, or as John Schumacher says it's a fancy ~ way of saying leg lifts)
4)Jatjara parivartanasana (revolved belly pose and vairations)
5)Supta padagusthasana (reclined leg stretch, ...

It takes very little time to do the stretch and it benefits your body in many ways. A simple yet very effective yoga posture, Katichakrasana carries the power to heal constipation if practiced regularly and accurately. Pronounce the name of this yoga posture in ~ as Ka-tee-Cha-KRAAHS-un-uh.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Yoga, Spirit, Spiritual, Asana, Prana?

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