Swami Vivekananda (Bengali: [Êami bibekanÉ'nÉ-o] ( listen), ShÄmi BibekÄnondo; 12 January 1863 - 4 July 1902), born Narendra Nath Datta (Bengali: [nÉ"rendÌªro natÌªÊ° dÌªÉ"tÌªtÌªo]), was an Indian Hindu monk and chief disciple of the 19th-century saint Ramakrishna.
Viveka means discrimination. This is the intellectual ability to discriminate, or discern, between the real and the unreal. Vedanta defines the real as being permanent and the unreal as being temporary. The absolutely real, Brahman, is eternal. It lasts for ever.
Viveka : (lit., discrimination; distinction) The faculty of discretion that enables a human being to distinguish between true and false, reality and illusion.
Vritti : Fluctuation or movement of the mind; thought.
Viveka: power of discrimination. Through knowledge of the k l e s' a s that disturb the continence, the keeping to the soul, one attains to spiritual sophistication.
(Vivekananada College, Madras 9.2.82)
Hari Om to everybody here. In the last thirty years, yoga has been subject to scientific studies in India as well as abroad. First of all scientific studies were earned out on the most well-known aspect of yoga called yogasanas.
~ - the power to differentiate true from false, real from unreal, essential from unessential, right from wrong, useful from useless, the first stage of jnana yoga
VRITTI - wave, rotating
- CHITTA VRITI - thought wave ...
~ - Discrimination:
The ability to differentiate between what is real/eternal and what is unreal/temporary. This discrimination springs from the intuitive conviction that the eternal and unchanging Brahman alone is real, and all other objects are transitory and unreal.
~ (discernment, discrimination) is a deliberate, continuous intellectual effort to distinguish between the real and the unreal, the permanent and the temporary, and the Self and not-Self.
~-khyatih = discriminative knowledge (~ = discriminative, discernment; khyatih = knowledge, correct cognition, clarity, awareness)
aviplava = undisturbed, without vacillation, uninterrupted
hana = of removal, of avoidance
upayah = the means, way, method ...
Spiritual discrimination between real and unreal
To observe passively without judgment or involvements ...
~ ("discernment) - a most important aspect of the yogic path
Vrâtya (from vrata "vow") - a member of the sacred brotherhood in Vedic times in whose circles early yogic practices were developed ...
One day Swami Vivekanandaji was loitering at Varanasi in an uninhabited area. A group of monkeys followed him. He was afraid and started running away One Sash on seeing him running called out, 'Don't be afraid, stop, present a strong front, if you get afraid they will try to make you more fearful".
When this type of Viveka or discriminating power comes, well it is half done. The Self which is neither body nor mind, but beyond both, "which sword cannot cut, which fire cannot burn, which water cannot melt, and air cannot dry, birthless, deathless, one omniscient and and all-pervading.
"The greatest persons in the world are unknown to the world," said Swami Vivekananda in one of his lectures in America. "These Buddhas, these Christs that you are hearing of are second-rate heroes. They are not the first class ones.
Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa touched Swami Vivekananda. Swami Vivekananda had superconscious experiences. He struggled hard for seven years more even after the touch for attaining perfection. Lord Krishna touched the blind eyes of Vilvamangal (Surdas). The inner eye of Surdas was opened.
It can be attributed to many gurus, including Swami Vivekananda, and their apostolic works. The Germans also discovered the beauty of the Sanskrit language and Vedic mystery.
I practice viveka by evaluating my environment to pick the optimal spot to practice, and also to pause and consider the poses I'm being asked to explore, especially if I don't feel prepared to do a more physically challenging pose.
aptavakyam authority (the recorded opinions of men who had viveka, or traditions and customs founded on an ancient enlightenment).
arabhate karmayogam engages in the yoga of action. [Gita 3.7]
aradhana worship of the Divine (love, self-surrender, aspiration to the Divine, calling the name, prayer).
There are three types of Adhikaris, viz., 1. good (Uttama), 2. middle (Madhyama) and 3. inferior (Adhama) according to Samskaras, intelligence, degree of Vairagya, Viveka and Mumukshutva and the capacity for Sadhana.
~ (discrimination between the real (permanent) and the unreal (temporary));
Vimoka (longing for God and freedom from all else);
Kriya (serving others);
Kalyana (wishing good to all);
Ahimsa (non-injury); ...
__ Swami Vivekananda - Yoga is a way to condense the process of evolution. Concept of Yoga:
Yoga is an ancient discipline. It is recognized as one of the most important and valuable gifts of Indian culture ( Our Rishi Culture). It is a Science and art of pure life style.
It has been around for thousands of years, but was first written down by a sage named Patnjalli about 2000 years ago. Astanga Yoga is often called "Raja Yoga", which means the "Royal" Yoga. This name was actually coined at the turn of the century by Swami Vivekannanda, ...
VICHARA: Enquiry into the nature of the Self, Truth, Absolute, Brahman.
VIKSHEPA: The tossing of mind.
VRITTI: A wave in the mind-lake.
VYAVAHARA: (Worldly) activity.
Viparyaya: Wrong knowledge; wrong cognition.
Visesha: Distinction; defined.
Visoka: Without sorrow.
Vitaraga: One who is desireless.
Vritti: Modification of mind; thought-wave.
Swami Vivekananda = a guru from India who addressed the Parliament of Religions in 1893, and became a popular figure; he was followed by a number of other swamis who came to the United States to teach westerners along the eastern path of yoga
tada = mountain
tamasic = food containing meat or alcohol ...
See also: What is the meaning of Ananda, Swami, Yoga, Mind, Spirit?